发布时间：2021-05-03 12:37 作者：乔宁
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《星期日电讯报》（The Sunday Telegraph）创办于1961年，是英国主流大报，在周日出版的大报中发行量最大，读者主要是英政府、议会、工商界、教育界、新闻界、文化界、智库等人士。
Britain can and must work with Huawei on 5G
Huawei is again making headlines in the UK. This week has seen the start of a heated debate over what decision to make with regard to the development of the UK's 5G network and whether the company represents a security threat. But what seems like a simple choice between different 5G suppliers actually hinges on three, very important, binary decisions that face the UK.
First, will the UK choose independent decision making or not? Countries of global influence, like the UK, make decisions independently and in accordance with their national interests. With regards to Britain's relationship with China, this has been best illustrated by the UK's decision to be the first to issue the Renminbi sovereign bond, the first major Western country to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the first to contribute to the AIIB special fund, the first to sign the Guiding Principles on Financing the Development of the Belt and Road, and the first to appoint a special envoy and set up an expert board for the Belt and Road Initiative.
When it comes to the establishment of the new 5G network, the UK is in the position to do the same again by resisting pressure, working to avoid interruptions and making the right decision independently based on its national interests and in line with its need for long-term development.
Second, will the UK choose open and free trade and investment or not? As protectionism spreads from trade to investment and cyber space, the world follows closely the direction in which a post-Brexit UK, the standard-bearer of free trade, will be heading. The UK carries on its shoulders the responsibility for safeguarding free trade and opposing protectionism. So does China, which is working to deepen reform and open its market more widely to the world. The last thing the world needs is the introduction of any sort of discriminatory measures towards companies involved in 5G network development. The last thing China expects from a truly open and fair "global Britain" is a playing field that is not level.
Third, will the UK choose win-win cooperation or not? In an age of globalisation, no country can achieve development behind closed doors. Win-win cooperation is the only way forward.
In the development of 5G networks, security concerns are understandable. This is because 5G, as a representative of an entirely new generation of communications technology, is not perfect and does still need improvements. The risks should be taken seriously but risks must not be allowed to incite fear. They can be managed, provided countries and companies work together.
Huawei has had a good track record on security over the years, having taken the initiative to invest in a Cyber Security Evaluation Centre which employs an all-British monitoring team. The company has been working hard to improve its technology and to enhance the security and reliability of its equipment.
In Britain, Huawei has contributed 2billion to the economy over the past five years through investment and procurement, and created more than 7,500 jobs in this country. Across the world, it has built more than 1,500 communications networks, works in more than 170 countries and regions and provides services to more than one third of the world's population.
This not just showcases the progress of a single company but bears testimony to the success of win-win cooperation.
George Herbert said, "To a crazy ship, all winds are contrary." In this new round of technological revolution, one must take care to find the right direction to choose, one that leads to a bright future and real prosperity.
If China and the UK can keep the long-term goal in mind, follow the trend of globalisation and stick to independent decision-making, openness and cooperation, they can work together to build a future of win-win results.